Our market

Metals usage summary

  Platinum Palladium Rhodium
Automotive Catalyst to control exhaust emissions Spark plug tips Oxygen sensors in vehicle on-board diagnostic systems Catalyst to control exhaust emissions (particularly hydrocarbon control) Oxygen sensors in vehicle on-board diagnostic systems Catalyst to control exhaust emissions (essential for Nox control)
Investment Small/large bars, coins, ETFs (exchange traded funds) Coins, ETFs (exchange traded funds)
Jewellery Fabrication Fabrication Alloying agent platinum jewellery Whitening agent in production of white gold Electroplating to give jewellery white finish
Fuel Cells Electrode coating in fuel cell stack Fuel-processing catalyst Tailgas burner Tailgas burner Fuel-processing catalyst
Petroleum Reforming and isomerisation for upgrading octane quality Hydrocracking to achieve higher yields
Platinum Palladium Rhodium
Chemical Gauze for catalytic production of nitric acid Process catalyst for producing bulk (PTA) and specialty chemicals (eg silicones) Catchment gauze to recover Pt and Rh in nitric acid production Process catalysts Process catalysts, eg production of ammonia (Kellogg process)
Dental Hardener in dental alloys Alloying agent
Electronics Alloy coating for hard disks to improve storage capacity Thermocouples to monitor temperature in steel, semi-conductor and glass industries Conductive paste in multi-layer ceramic chip capacitators Conductive tracks of hybrid integrated circuits Salts for plating process Alloyed with platinum in thermocouples
Glass Production of LCD glass Bushings for producing glass fibre Specialty glasses Glass for TVs, monitors and cathode ray tubes Glass substrates for hard disks Alloyed with platinum in producing LCD glass Alloyed with platinum in bushings